What are microalgae?
Microalgae can be cultivated productively and sustainably and transformed into a wide range of products, including biofuel, animal feed, cosmetics, renewable chemical products and other valuable compounds.
Algal biomass production potential and possible uses for derivatives
Historically, microalgae have been primarily used for nutrition because they are rich in protein and other nutrients. This makes them an excellent dietary supplement, especially indicated for cases of malnutrition.
Varieties of microalgae → type of product
- beta-carotene, as a food coloring and dietary supplement (provitamin A);
- algae flour, as an ingredient and nutritional supplement in food products;
- glycerol, used in foods and beverages.
Animal feed industry
- production of microalgae strains for fish hatcheries;
- production of pigments (e.g. astaxanthin, etc.);
- omega-3 and omega-6 rich livestock feed;
- nutritional supplements for animals (e.g. for fish farming).
- Production of polyunsaturated fats (e.g. EPA, DHA etc.);
- anticarcinogenic substances;
- glycerol, used in cosmetics and pharmaceuticals;
- Xanthophylls, phycobilins in diagnostics and as analytical reagents.
- Omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids, amino acids, enzymes and natural vitamins (C, E, provitamin A), anti-cancer compounds.
- Production of Biodiesel, Biogas, Ethanol and Hydrogen
“Dead” algal biomass is fed into an anaerobic digester (V=3500L) to produce biogas.